February 18, 2019

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India



Fast-Facts
Location: Piyali, West Bengal, India
Best Time to Visit: November to March ( open all around the year)
Area Coverage: 1330 sq. km
Nearest Town: Gosaba 50 km
Nearest Police Station: Sundarban Coastal Police Station, Address: Choto Mollakhali Road, Chhota                      Molla, West Bengal 743378
Nearest Hospital: Gosaba BPHC Hospital
Attractions: Royal Bengal Tiger, crocodiles, Ridley Sea Turtle


Sundarban National Park :

Sundarban National Park is located on the Sundarbans Delta largest delta created by the Ganga and Brahmaputra Rivers, in the Indian State of West Bengal, and some parts of Bangladesh. The area between River Hooghly and the River Teulia was designated as the Sundarbans Tiger reserve in December 1973. Then it became Sundarban wildlife sanctuary in the year 1977. After this,s the core area of Sundarbans was declared as Sundarban National Park in the year 1984. The protected reserve covers a stretch of 1,330sq km. In the year 1985, the Sundarban National park got inscribed on the list of UNESCO world heritage sites. Sunderbans National Park is the largest estuarine mangrove forest in the world which constitute 80% of India’s total mangrove swamps. Sunderban National Park is spread in over 54 islands and two countries (West Bengal in India and Bangladesh) and is a part of the world's largest delta region. This swampy area was partitioned in 1947, and now the larger portion lies with Bangladesh. However, the Indian share of over 4,200 sq km constitutes more than half of the country's mangrove forests. The tiger reserve covers 2,585 sq km of which nearly 1,000 sq km is made up of creeks and waterways. This UNESCO world heritage site, Sunderbans is home to the largest number of wild tigers in the world. The reserve has a tiger population of 400+(2017 October). The tiger here has adjusted well to its territory. The name Sunderbans is perhaps derived from the term meaning 'the forest of Sundari' (Heritiera fomes), a reference to the large mangrove tree that provides valuable fuel. It is believed that Bonbibi, the goddess of the timberland, ensures the woodcutters, nectar authorities and anglers on their dangerous missions through the backwoods. For, as the neighbourhood saying goes, 'here the tiger is continually watching you'. Sunderbans National Park is also known for the conservation of the Ridley sea turtle and also abounds in saltwater crocodiles, Gangetic dolphins, chitals (spotted deer), fishing cats, wild boars, otters, rhesus macaques, monitor lizards, snakes, innumerable fishes, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, worms and a host of birds including kingfishers, storks, herons, Brahmin ducks, arghilahs, ibises, waterfowl and egrets, to name only a few. The Jungle Cat, Leopard-cat and Fishing Cat are among the almost 40 mammalian species here, some rather amphibious in their habits. The islands are inundated twice every day due to tidal action! It is interesting to see how the tiger, like the other life forms, has adapted to this habitat against such odds. The Sunderbans tiger is an adept swimmer, can survive on brackish water and is also known to feed on fish and sea turtles. During the autumn months of September-October, the reserve sees the arrival of hundreds of thousands of beautiful birds on their winter long excursions.

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination


Sundarban National Park Avifauna
The climatic conditions at the park create an ideal habitat for the resident as well as the foreign birds of numerous variations. You will be enthralled to find some of the popular birds in this region. The captivating - Open Billed Storks, White Ibis, Water Hens, Spotted Doves, Common Mynahs, Jungle Crows, Jungle Babblers, Coots, Pheasant Tailed Jacanas, Pariah Kites, Brahminy Kites, Marsh Harriers, Swamp Partridges, Red Jungle Fowls , Cotton Teals, Herring Gulls, Caspian Terns, Gray Herons, Brahminy Ducks, Spotted Billed Pelicans, Large Egrets, Night Herons, Common Snipes, Wood Sandpipers, Green Pigeons, Rose Ringed Parakeets, Paradise Flycatchers, Cormorants, Fishing Eagles, White Bellied Sea Eagles, Seagulls, Little Stints, Eastern Knots, Curlews, Golden Plovers, Pintails, Common Kingfishers, Peregrine winged creatures of prey, Woodpeckers, Whimbrels, Black-Tailed Godwits, White Eyed Pochards and Whistling Teals will make your outing to Sundarbans amazingly brilliant.

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination


Sundarban National Park Aquafauna and Reptiles
Some of the fish & amphibians found in the parks are Saw Fish, Butter Fish, Electric Rays, Silver Carp, Star Fish, Common Carp, Crabs, Prawn, Shrimps, Gangetic dolphins, Skipping Frogs, Common Toads and Tree Frogs. The number of reptiles is excellent here that are found within its complex. Probably the most normally observed are - Estuarine Crocodiles, Chameleons, King Cobras, Olive Ridley Turtles, Sea Snakes, Green Turtles,  Dog Faced Water Snakes,  Salvator Lizards, Hard Shelled Batgun Terrapins,Russel's Vipers, Mouse Ghekos, Monitor Lizards, Curviers, Hawks Bill Turtles, Pythons, Common Kraits, Chequered Killbacks and Rat Snakes
The best & only means of travelling the park is to hire a boat & float down the various lanes formed by the many flowing rivers. You can hire one from the locals in the area or one of the two luxury launches - M.V. Chitrarekha and M.V. Madhukar, operated by the tourism department. If you are in search of a luxury tour, then hire - M.V. Chitrarekha, which offers all the basic facilities required by the tourists, including overnight accommodation. And, if you are looking for the local boats then you will get then at Canning, Gosaba and Basanti. The luxurious launches start their journey from Canning.

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination


Sundarban National park is a star attraction for wildlife lovers. Despite the challenging climatic & geographical conditions faced by this region such as high tides, floods, and cyclones, a number of tourists visit these forests every year for the wide variety of biodiversity on offer. While few can boast of sighting Tigers here, all who visit are left mesmerized by the vast expanse of water bodies all around dotted with thick evergreen Mangroves and wildlife on the banks.

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination

Sundarban National Park - Mangroves forest, West Bengal, India Your Holiday Destination


Sundarbans National Park Climate:
The region has a tropical climate with hot summers & cold winters. Maximum & minimum temperatures during the summer are 42°C and 37°C respectively. In winters, the maximum and minimum temperatures are 29°C and 9.2°C respectively.

Sundarbans National Park Near To Visit:
Mangrove bonobhumi, Sonakhali, Bhagabatpur  Crocodile, Zoo, Water Tower, Kumir Prakalpa

Sundarbans National Park How to Reach:

By Air: Nearest airport at Kolkata, at 112 km
By Rail: The nearest railway station is Canning, 48 km and the nearest town is Gosaba, 50 km away.
                Many local trains are available from Shealda South to Caning Station.
By Road: Road transportation is easily available for all the cities near Sundarbans. Namkhana 105 km, Sonakhali 100 km, Raidighi 76 km, Canning 64 km, Najat 92 km, Kolkata 112 km.
By Water: Since one can achieve the centre of Sundarbans just through conduits, engine dispatch offices are effectively accessible
Sundarban National Park Entry Fee: Rs. 60 (Indians) & Rs. 200 (foreigners), Camera Fee Extra
Boat Safari Time: 8:30am to 4pm, Safari available all day. The allowed boat must return 6:30pm
Sundarban National Park timings are 7 AM to 6 PM.

Sundarban National Park: What You Must Keep in Mind:
The genuine pleasure in visiting the Sundarbans originates from valuing its immaculate, peaceful normal magnificence, as opposed to locating creatures. Set aside some opportunity to meander (walk or cycle) through captivating towns and find the neighbourhood lifestyle. Test some nectar, which is gathered in the Sundarbans.
Plastic is prohibited in the area, in spite of the fact that the standard has been hard to uphold. Ensure you don't litter. What's more, stay as peaceful as could be expected under the circumstances so as not to make an unsettling influence.
Make certain to bring a lot of cash as there are no ATMs, aside from the State Bank of India at Gosaba.

Sundarban National Park Nearest Hotel:

Sundarban Residency (3500/- to 4000/-)
Chargheri - Lakshbagan Rd, Anpur, West Bengal 743370

Vresorts Mangrove Retreat Sundarban
Jamespur, Satjelia, West Bengal 743370, Phone: 088600 49752

Royal Sundarban Wild Resort (2500/-)
Jharkhali Forest range and park, Sundarban, South 24 parganas, West Bengal 743312
Phone: 098314 28924

Sunderban Tiger Camp- Wildlife Resort (15000/-)
Island, PO, Dayapur, West Bengal 743370, Phone: 098308 67600

Solitary Nook (3000/-)
Pakhirala, Sunderban, Gosaba,, South 24 Paraganas, Sunderban, West Bengal 743370
Phone: 033 2486 9761

Sundarban Gateway Resort
Pakhiralaya, Dulki, West Bengal 743370, Phone: 098360 22344

Swabhumi guest house
Jharkhali park road ( near samabay more, Jharkhali, Lot No 126, West Bengal 743370

Phone: 085840 86824

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