February 16, 2019

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India

Location: Idukki district, Kerala, India
Best Time to Visit: October to April
Area Coverage: 777 sq km
Nearest Town: 4 km from Kumily
Attractions: Asian Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Wild Dog (Dhole), Gaur (Indian Bison), Nilgiri Langur, Lion-tailed Macaque (below), Sambar, Barking Deer, Small Indian Civet, Striped-necked Mongoose, Indian Giant Squirrel, Large Brown Flying Squirrel, Slender Loris,Crested Goshawk, Black Baza, Besra, Brown Fish Owl, Brown Hawk Owl,Osprey, Grey-headed Fish Eagle

Periyar National Park was built up in the year 1950 and is named after the Periyar waterway. It is situated in Idukki district, s spread across 777 sq. km, of which 360 sq. km. is the thick evergreen forest. The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary at Thekkady encompassing the beautiful Periyar lake, close to the Tamil Nadu outskirt in Kerala, was assigned a piece of Project Tiger in 1973 & Periyar National park is one of the best Project Tiger Reserves in India. Periyar National park the pride of Kerela and a testimony to nature's splendour and human innovation, the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the banks of the Periyar lake, which is an artificial lake, at Thekkady. Here the high scopes of the Western Ghats are dressed in thick evergreen, damp deciduous woods and savannah prairies. Underneath this thick green shade wanders crowds of Elephants, Sambars, Tigers, Gaurs, Lion Tailed Macaques, and Nilgiri Langurs. Because of its location, Periyar wild sanctuary is considered the finest sanctuary for viewing and photographing Indian wild Elephants. A vessel ride on the impressive man-made lake that is inside the haven is the most ideal approach to see the wilds of the Nilgiri Hill.
Noted for its geomorphology, diversity of wildlife and scenic beauty, the Reserve attracts visitors and wildlife enthusiasts from all across the world and is one of the world's most fascinating natural wildlife reserves. The lake that constructs a major portion of the park came into existence after a dam was constructed on the Periyar River in the year 1895. The storage reservoir, estimating 55 sq km in the region, prompted the inundation of a portion of the prime timberland territory. The artificial lake in the heart of the sanctuary was originally 26 sq km. This perennial river source of water, which initially led to the submersion of large tracts of forestland, slowly attracted wild animals. It in the long run brought about the connecting timberlands being allowed assurance or protection by the Maharaja of Travancore. In the meantime, it brought about the foundation of the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala.

The months of March and April constitute the driest part of the year, because of which the animals spend a lot of time near the lake in the Periyar National Park. Indeed, even the tiger might be spotted moving toward the waters in the Periyar National Park. Animals may be seen from motorboats on the lake or from watchtowers set up in the Periyar National Park. There is a good chance of spotting an occasional tiger in this relatively peaceful corner of the Periyar National Park.

In addition to Elephant rides, cruises on the lake and treks to the ruined Mangala Devi temple - a beautiful old stone temple situated in the heart of the Thekkady forest. The Sabarimala Ayyappan Temple in the western part of the reserve is a major attraction. Periyar sanctuary offers the unique opportunity to watch and photograph wild Elephants at close quarters. Around the recreation center are some intriguing fragrant zest gardens. Many good guides who'll tell you about the medicinal value of each spice & maybe startle you with how much of the research is millennia old.

Flora in Periyar National Park

Western Ghat Hills, hold a major portion of the park, are thickly wooded & stand dotted with water bodies, huge grasslands and a thick forest cover. Various more profound valleys inside Periyar National Park of Kerala contain tropical evergreen woods, which are brimming with wild vegetation. A portion of the dimension zones shaping the recreation centre contains mucky fields close to the edges of the lake and other water bodies. Aside from Periyar River, the water needs of the Periyar Wildlife Park are met by Azhutha and Mullayar Rivers. There are likewise fixes of semi-evergreen timberland over the limits of the recreation centre.

Fauna in Periyar National Park

Tigers are the main attraction of the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala, India. The best place to find tigers is the area around the lake. Likewise watch Elephants, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Sambar, Nilgiri Tahr, Sloth Bears and Otters, Gaur, and so forth. There are the brilliant Nilgiri Langurs, Common Langurs, Lion Tailed Macaques, Bonnet Macaques, Porcupines, Malabar Squirrels, Wild Boars, and so forth.

Avian Population in Periyar National Park

Periyar National Park serves as a haven for more than 260 species of birds. These include darters, cormorants, ibises, grey herons, Racket Tailed Drongos, Fish Owls, Kites, Great Hornbills, Gray Hornbills, Hill Mynahs, mynas, flycatchers, orioles, wood pigeons, kingfishers, kites, White Egrets and Orioles, ospreys, thrushes, and an appreciable number of blue-winged parakeets.

Reptiles in Periyar National Park

The reptile populace of Periyar Tiger Reserve of India includes Python, King Cobra, Dark Monitor Lizard, Flying Lizard, Flying Frog, Flying Snake & various other snake species

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

Periyar National Park, Kerala, India, Wildlife, Holiday Destination.

How to reach Periyar National Park

By Air: Nearest airport from Periyar is Madurai, 140kms connected by Indian Airlines flights with Chennai, Trichy and Bangalore.

By Rail: Nearest railhead from Periyar is Bodinayakanur 67 km, however, Kottayam (114 km) is the most convenient railhead from the sanctuary area.
Train No
Train Name
Howrah Ernakulam Antyodaya Express
Howrah Kanyakumari Superfast express
Aronay Express
Gurudav Express (SHM)

By Road: By road, the important city distances from Periyar are Kochi (Cochin )190 km, Idikki 66 km, Kodaikanal 160 km, Madurai 145 km, Munnar 113 km, Trivandrum 272 km, Delhi 2234 km, Mumbai 1230 km, Bangalore 497 km, Kottayam 119 km. Regular buses connect Periyar to Kthe ochi, Trivandrum, Kottayam & Madurai.

 Entry Fee at Periyar National Park: Children (5 to 11 year) Entry Fee : Rs. 05, Entry Fee : Rs. 25 (Indians) & Foreign Child Rs.105,  Rs. 300 (foreigners), Cameras : Rs. 25 (still) & Rs. 200 (video), Vehicle entry : Rs. 50,Havy Vaical – 200/-, Two Wheelers- 25/-,  Boat ride : 150/- Ticket counter open 90 mnts each trip. Time: 7:30 to 9am, 9:30 to 11am, 11:15 to 12:45pm, 01:45 to 3:15pm, 3:30 to 5pm

Park timings are 7 AM to 6 PM.

Periyar National Park: Where You Stay:

                   KFDC Gavi Hotel - Green Mansion 3star
          Gavi, Kerala 685509, Phone- 099474 92399

           Hotel Pepper Vine (2000/- to 3500/-)
         Thamarakandom Road, Thekkady, Near Thekkady Bypass Road, Kumily, 685509, 
         Phone: 080864 19199
         Web: http://www.peppervine.in/
     Hotel Ambadi, Thekkady (3000/- to 3500/-)
         Ambadi Junction, Periyar, Kerala 685536, Phone: 04869 222 011
        Web: http://hotelambadi.com/

          Grand Thekkady (1900/- to 3500/-)
         Lake Palace Ferry, Thekkady, Kumily, Kerala 685509, Phone: 04869 222 797
         Web: http://www.grandthekkady.in/
    Elephant Route Resort (1800/-)
         698/321, Anavachal Road, Thekkady, Kumily, Kerala 685509, Phone: 070344 37350
         Web: https://www.elephantroute.com/
   Olive Periyar (1300/-)
          Lake Road, Thekkady, District Idukki, Near Piza Max, Kumily, Kerala 685509,
          Phone: 070347 83666